Search Help


All words (uncheck to search for any of the words)

To perform a simple search, type one or more words in the Search box at the top of the page and click Search. The case of the words is not important. Search returns a list of Web pages that contain one or more of your words. The most relevant pages appear at the top of your results.

Exact phrase searches

Add double quotes (" ") around specific queries to search for an exact phrase. For example, you could enter

"flags final"

The query will return only pages that have the exact phrase "flags final" in them.

Including and excluding words

To help limit your results to specific information you can include special modifiers that require certain words be included or excluded. Do not leave any space between the sign and the word, but leave a space between search words.

+ (plus sign)
Use a + sign at the beginning of a word to require that the word appear in all pages in the results. For example, you could enter:

   +flags +final

Note: this is only useful when "All words" is unchecked, as this effectively adds a + in front of every word without a -.

The results must contain pages with flags and final.

- (minus sign)
Use a - sign at the beginning of a word to exclude all pages with that word. For example, you could enter:

   +flags +final -hampstead

The results contain pages with flags and final but not hampstead.

Automatic exclusion of common words

Search ignores certain common words (also known as stop-terms) such as "a", "and", "if", and "with". To include all stop-terms enter st: in front of your query.

Expanding your search with a wildcards

Look for words that begin with the same letters by using an * (asterisk) as a wildcard. A wildcard search is useful for finding pages with words that have multiple endings. For example, you could enter:

   comput*

The results contain pages with words that have the prefix comput, such as compute, computer, computing, computation, and computational.

Asterisks can only be used at the end of a word.

Advanced search

The following options can be placed in any order in front of the query:

  • c: for a case sensitive search.
  • w: to match whole words only.
  • st: to include stop-terms.